The accused were all high-ranking officers of the German Wehrmacht (one was a former Admiral) and former members of the High Command of Nazi Germany's military forces. They were charged with having participated in or planned or facilitated the execution of the numerous atrocities committed in countries occupied by the German forces during the war.
The accused faced four charges of having committed war crimes and crimes against humanity:
All defendants were indicted on all counts; they all pleaded "not guilty".
Count 4 of the indictment—the conspiracy charge—was soon dropped by the tribunal because it was already covered by the other charges.
On count 1, the tribunal considered all accused not guilty, stating that they were not the policy-makers and that preparing for war and fighting a war on orders was not a criminal offense under the applicable international law of the time.
Style of the case: United States of America v. Wilhelm von Leeb, et al.
Indictment filed: 28 November 1947
Trial dates: 5 February 1948 - 10 August 1948
Judges: John C. Young (Colorado) (presiding judge), Winfield B. Hale (Tennessee), and Justin W. Harding (Alaska)
Judgment: 27 & 28 October 1948
Sentencing: 28 October 1948
|Wilhelm von Leeb||
||3 years imprisonment; released after the trial|
|Georg von Küchler||
||20 years imprisonment; reduced to 12 years in 1951; released 1953 due to medical reasons.|
||Committed suicide during the trial on February 8, 1948|
||15 years imprisonment; released 1954.|
||15 years imprisonment; released 1952.|
|Hans von Salmuth||
||20 years imprisonment; reduced to 12 years in 1951|
||5 years imprisonment; released December 22, 1949|
|Karl von Roques||
||20 years imprisonment; died December 24, 1949.|
||lifetime imprisonment; released 1954|
||lifetime imprisonment; commuted to 18 years in 1951; released 1954.|
||8 years imprisonment; released 1951|
||7 years imprisonment|
Trials of War Criminals Before the Nuernberg Military Tribunals Under Control Council Law No. 10
The 15-volume series, also known as “The Green Series,” focuses on the 12 trials of almost 200 defendants. This publication by the United States Government Printing Office is the official abridged record of the individual indictments and judgments, as well as the administrative materials that were common to all the trials.