Twelve former directors of the Krupp Group were accused of having enabled the armament of the German military forces and thereby actively participating in the Nazis' preparations for an aggressive war. They were also charged with having used slave laborers in their companies. The primary defendant was Alfried Krupp von Bohlen und Halbach, CEO of the Krupp Group since 1943. He was the son of Gustav Krupp von Bohlen und Halbach who had been a defendant in the first trail before the International Military Tribunal but was considered medically unfit for trial.
The Krupp Group had flourished under the Nazi regime. The forced labor program conservatively used nearly 100,000 persons, almost a quarter of that number were prisoners of war.
Counts: 1) Crimes Against Peace; 2) Spoliation; 3) Slave Labor; and 4) Conspiracy
Style of the case: United States of America v. Alfried Krupp, et al.
Indictment filed: 17 August 1947
Trial dates: 8 December 1947 - 24 June 1948
Judges: Hu C. Anderson (Tennessee) (presiding judge), Edward J. Daly (Connecticut), and William J. Wilkins (Washington)
Chief Prosecutor: H. Russell Thayer; Assistants: Joseph Kauffman, Cecelia H. Goetz
Judgment: 31 July 1948
Sentencing: 31 July 1948
||12 years plus forfeiture of property; released 1951|
|Ewald Oskar Ludwig Löser||
||7 years; served sentence and released 1955|
|Friedrich Wilhelm Janssen||
|Karl Heinrich Pfirsch||
||found not guilty: acquitted and released|
|Max Otto Ihn||
|Karl Adolf Ferdinand Eberhardt||
|Heinrich Leo Korschan||
|Friedrich von Bülow||
|Werner Wilhelm Heinrich Lehmann||
|Hans Albert Gustav Kupke||
||2 years and 10 months|
Trials of War Criminals Before the Nuernberg Military Tribunals Under Control Council Law No. 10
The 15-volume series, also known as “The Green Series,” focuses on the 12 trials of almost 200 defendants. This publication by the United States Government Printing Office is the official abridged record of the individual indictments and judgments, as well as the administrative materials that were common to all the trials.