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Phillips Nuremberg Trials Collection: Trial 7 - Hostages Case

Materials donated to the law school by General Eugene Phillips.

Summary of Charges

This case is also known as the "Southeast Case" because the defendants were all officers leading the troops in southeastern Europe during the Balkans Campaign. The Balkans include Greece, Albania, and what was then Yugoslavia. They were charged with responsibility for the hostage-taking of civilians and the killing of the hostages and partisans beginning in 1941.

Counts: 1) Mass Murder; 2) Spoliation; 3) Illegal Executions; and 4) Slave Labor

Original Indictment

AVAILABLE DOCUMENTS


Trials of War Criminals Before the Nuernberg Military Tribunals Under Control Council Law No. 10

The 15-volume series, also known as “The Green Series,” focuses on the 12 trials of almost 200 defendants. This publication by the United States Government Printing Office is the official abridged record of the individual indictments and judgments, as well as the administrative materials that were common to all the trials.

Trial Records

Style of the case: United States of America v. Wilhelm List, et al.

Indictment filed: 10 May 1947

Trial dates: 15 July 1947 - 3 February 1948

Judges:  Charles F. Wennerstrum (Iowa) (presiding judge), George J. Burke (Michigan), and Edward F. Carter (Nebraska)

Chief Prosecutor: Theodore Fenstermacher

Judgment: 19 February 1948

Sentencing: 19 February 1948

Defendant Position Sentence
 Wilhelm List
  • Field Marshal
  • Commander in Chief South-East 1941-1942
  • Head of the German 12th army in 1941
 lifetime imprisonment; released December 1952 due to medical reasons
 Maximilian von Weichs
  • Field Marshal
  • Generaloberst, Commander of the German 2nd Army during the Balkans Campaign with the rank of a 
 removed from the trial due to illness
 Lothar Rendulic
  • Generaloberst, Commander of the 2nd Panzer Army in Yugoslavia 1943-44
 20 years' imprisonment, reduced to 10 years, released 1951
 Walter Kuntze
  • General of Engineers
  • Successor to List as Commander in Chief South-East and head of the 12th Army as of October 29, 1941
 lifetime imprisonment, released 1953
 Hermann Foertsch
  • Generalmajor, Chief of Staff of the 12th army
 acquitted
 Franz Böhme
  • General of the XVIII Mountain Army Corps (1940-43)
  • Successor of Rendulic in 1944
 committed suicide on May 30, 1947 (before the arraignment)
 Hellmuth Felmy
  • General, commander of Army Group Southern Greece
15 years' imprisonment; reduced to 10 years in 1951. Died 1965
 Hubert Lanz
  • General of the XXII Mountain Army Corps (1943-45)
 12 years' imprisonment; released 1951
 Ernst Dehner
  • Generalmajor, corps commander under Rendulic
 7 years' imprisonment; released 1951. Died 1970
 Ernst von Leyser
  • General der Infanterie, corps commander under Rendulic and Böhme
 10 years' imprisonment; released 1951. Died 1962
 Wilhelm Speidel
  • Generalmajor, military commander in Greece 1942-44
 20 years' imprisonment; released 1951
 Kurt Ritter von Geitner
  • Chief of Staff of the military commanders in Serbia and Greece
 acquitted
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